This question still concerns the church of Jesus today and often leads to violent conflicts. What is happening in and around Israel today raises many questions. On the other hand, we read in Romans also a clear warning addressed to the church of God:
Romans 11, 17 – 24
17 And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert graffed in among them, and with them partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree;
18 Boast not against the branches. But if thou boast, thou bearest not the root, but the root thee.
19 Thou wilt say then, The branches were broken off, that I might be graffed in.
20 Well; because of unbelief they were broken off, and thou standest by faith. Be not highminded, but fear:
21 For if God spared not the natural branches, take heed lest he also spare not thee.
22 Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them which fell, severity; but toward thee, goodness, if thou continue in his goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off.
23 And they also, if they abide not still in unbelief, shall be graffed in: for God is able to graff them in again.
24 For if thou wert cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, and wert graffed contrary to nature into a good olive tree: how much more shall these, which be the natural branches, be graffed into their own olive tree?
In the Old Testament, more precisely in Genesis 32: 23-32, we find a mysterious story described, which in my opinion says something:
Jacob’s fight at Jabbok. His new name
23 And he took them, and sent them over the brook, and sent over that he had.
24 And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day.
25 And when he saw that he prevailed not against him, he touched the hollow of his thigh; and the hollow of Jacob’ thigh was out of joint, as he wrestled with him.
26 And he said, Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou bless me.
27 And he said unto him, What is thy name? And he said, Jacob.
28 And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed.
29 And Jacob asked him , and said, Tell me , I pray thee, thy name. And he said, Wherefore is it that thou dost ask after my name? And he blessed him there.
30 And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved.
31 And as he passed over Penuel the sun rose upon him, and he halted upon his thigh.
32 Therefore the children of Israel eat not of the sinew which shrank, which is upon the hollow of the thigh, unto this day: because he touched the hollow of Jacob’ thigh in the sinew that shrank.
The people have gone ahead. This event is prophetic.
Jacob, that is Israel. His two wives and the two maids and his eleven sons that is the church of Jesus. The man who fights with Israel is Jesus. He could not overcome Jacob: The people of Israel rejected Jesus. The church of Jesus has almost preceded the people of Israel while Israel is still fighting Jesus (2000 years). Against the forerunners, the man does not fight Jesus, they are the image of his church, he fights with Jacob (the people of Israel) to overcome him and also bring him home to his kingdom of glory. Jesus can not overcome Jacob because Jacob does not want it and because there are only volunteers in the Kingdom of God. He hits Jacob on the hip and the hip joint dislocates. That means he limps. The people of Israel lags behind for about 2,000 years because it is true to God, but rejects the one he sent. “Let me go, for the dawn breaks,” says the man who is Jesus to Jacob. The people of Israel lapse until the new day of God begins. Israel as a whole comes to believe in Jesus when the new time of God begins, for then Jacob calls for the blessing of God. This will be a hard time for Israel and in their distress they will scream to God and call for help. Until then, Israel is struggling with God and humans and will after all win because Jacob says, “I will not leave you if you do not bless me.” He gets the new name of Israel from God (that is, God fights). To get a new name from God, that means you belong to me now. I’ll give you a new name, a new direction, in the computer age, one would say: a new program. Now Jacob is no longer fighting God, but God is fighting for Jacob (Israel). This becomes clear in Jacob’s encounter with his brother Esau. So God blesses Israel and give them victory (blessing) at the end of times. Only now does Jacob say: “I saw God face-to-face and yet my life was saved!” After that, Jacob passes Pnuël (ie the face of God) and now the sun rises to him. Now it has become clear also about the people of Israel, who fought against Jesus for so long. The new day of God has dawned.
In our time today, the new day of God has not yet dawned. Jacob is still fighting Jesus, but the dawn is already evident. The day is just around the corner.